History of the Nerike Wermelands Regemente


Teaming up after the battle of Narva - 1700 - re-enactment (Nov 2011)


Nerike Wermelands Regemente (Regt)

The regiments of Nerike and Wermeland were merged under the command of Colonel Alexander Leslie. The first written documents of this new, merged regiment are from the year 1626.

The allotment system of provincial regiments that had come into practice during the 1620’ies was confirmed by government in 1634. This confirmed the organization of 20 infantry regiments and a further 8 cavalry regiments.

Of the 20 stipulated regiments, Nerike-Wermeland was the nineteenth regt.

Source: Värmelands Regiment 350 years

 

The Regiment in the Great Northern War (1700-21)

The regiment traces it's origins from the "Fähnlein" (i.e. military unit with own flag) that were setup in the mid 16th century in the counties of Nerike, Wermeland, Dalsland and also the line-regiments of Södermanland, Nerike and Wermeland, of which the latter two were divided into two separate field-regiments.

Incorporated into the allotment system in the years of 1682 and 1688, the regiment comprised of 3 companies from Nerike and 7 companies from Wermeland. The companies were the following: Livkompaniet (Life Company), Överstelöjtnantens (the Lieutenant-Colonel's), Majorens (the Major's), Kristinehamns, Örebro, Karlstads, Älvsdals härad, Jösse härad, Näs and Nordmark.

4 companies of the regiment were left to guard the borders with Norway, then under Danish Rule, while 6 companies were shipped to Livonia between 1700-01 and subsequently attached to the Royal Field Army. The unit setup under General Rehnskiold to which Nerike-Wermeland was a part, 1705-06, surrendered at Poltava. Re-established and shipped, 1.200 strong, to Germany where it again suffered the same fate, laying down arms after the battle of Tönningen in 1712. Having been re-established yet another time the regiment took part in the ultimately fateful Norwegian campaigns between 1716-18.

 

Commanders

The regiment had a few different commanders throughout´the Great Northern War, they were ...

... 1701 - C.G. Roos
... 1709 - P. Adlerfelt
... 1716 - A. Duwall
... 1717 - A. Torstensson

 

Company colours (flags)

Regimental colours were issued in 1682 (10 pieces), in 1710 (6 pieces) and in 1718 (6 pieces).

1718 a new set of colours were ordered in intarsia but couldn’t be delivered until 1730 (due to economical reasons).



Uniforms

A.D.1700
NCO’s: Blue headwear called the “Karpus” with red liner and silver braid. Blue coats with pewter buttons, blue folds and red liner. Waistcoat and knee breeches made of hide. Blue socks.
Hautboist (Oboist) Blue “Karpus” with red liner. Blue coat with pewter buttons, blue folds and red liner. Coat presumable garnered with blue-red-silver braids. Waistcoat and knee breeches made of hide. Blue socks.
Pipers and drummers: Blue “Karpus” with red liner. Blue coat with pewter buttons, red folds and liner. Coat presumable garnered with blue-red-silver braids. Waistcoat and knee breeches made of hide. Red socks.
Privates: Blue “Karpus” with red liner. Blue coat with pewter buttons, red folds and liner. The Corporal hade a dozen more buttons. Waistcoat and knee breeches made of hide. Blue coat with pewter buttons, red folds and liner. Red socks. Pewtered buckle. The uniforms of the home companies were sent out to the field regiments.

A.D. 1704
Field regiments refurbished. Blue coats with red folds, red socks. Home companies also re-equipped.
NCO’s: Blue Karpus with blue and red twine. Blue cloak with red liner. Blue coats with rounded pewter buttons. Red liner and folds.
Drummers: Blue coat with flat pewter buttons, blue and red braid on the seams.
Privates: Blue Karpus, blue coat with flat pewter buttons, red folds and liner. Blue knee breeches and red socks. (1706 new Karpus issued to field regiments, black with red folds and camelhair twine).

A.D. 1707
Recruits: Tricorne, blue cloak with yellow liner. Blue coats with pewter buttons, red liner and folds. Waistcoat and knee breeches in hide.

A.D. 1709
For the six new companies raised (988 men), new muskets were requested along with 120 bags for grenadiers including accessories. The men that were shipped to Germany had lacking equipment, missing 469 Tricornes, 67 cloaks, 79 coats, 500 pairs of hide breeches and waistcoats, 368 swords and further 381 bandoliers.

A.D. 1715
The older companies equipment had already turned 12 years. Newly raised companies in Tricornes and coats in broadcloth.
-“The regiment, who having the past year so worn out its coats and garments to the degree that the men were almost unclothed … if the regiment were to be placed on the field, it would surely decay”.

A.D. 1717 Re-furbished
NCO’s: Tricornes with silver braid. Blue coats with pewter buttons, red liner, folds and collar. Buttonholes garnered with silver thread. Waistcoat and knee breeches in cloth, red socks.
Hautboist: Tricornes with silver braid. Blue coats with pewter buttons, red liner, folds and collar. Three, finger-wide braids in blue-red-silver. Two stripes in silver braid. Red waistcoat, knee breeches (also in hide) and socks. Belt with silver braid.
Drummers and pipers: Tricornes with white braid. Blue coats with red liner, folds and collar. Red drum with Royal Cipher in gold.
Privates: Tricornes with white braid. Blue coats with pewter buttons, red liner, folds and collar. Corporals coats with buttonholes embroidered.
Regimental Sergeant-Major: Like the Hautboists but with Royal Cipher in silver both on chest and back.
Provost: Like the men, but with buttonholes embroidered in blue-red and white.



Cartridge box and bandolier belt 1696

According to Royal Regulation each musketeer’s belt and cartridge box be equipped with the following items, in Swedish.
- Mässingsringar (brass rings)
- Kruthorn (powder horn)
- 3 st Fängnålar
- Drögläders kruttaska med mässingsbeslag
- Krats
- Skurlapp
- Luntring
- Krutmått (powder measure)
- Krut, Flint och eldstålspung
- Smörjhorn (grease horn)
- Skruvjärn
- Skurfil


… and how to wear it

(Pending translation ...)
*Remmarna skall fästas vid taskan med söljor eller ringar.
*Strax med ringarna skall en tvär rem, två fingrar bred fästas.
*Bakom taskan skall smörjhornet och skruvjärnet på en rem hängas laskat på tvärremmen.
*Luntan hängas uti en ring.
*Ovanpå den fram på bröstet skall kruthornet häftas så högt, att när det hänger just stöter ovanpå taskan.
*För fängnålarna häftas en smal rem,(ett halft finger bred och tre fingrar lång) som laskas mitt på skjälva bantlärremmen, från häftningen och kruthorns remmarna med en lask på var sida.
*Eldstålet och Krutmåttet fästes i remmar  och förvaras i taskan. 



Source: The Great Northern War 1700-21 Colours and Uniforms by Lars-Eric Höglund and Åke Sallnäs. 

We warmly recommend You to read the books for further information on the Carolean and opposition uniforms.

 

Regulation Soldiers Rations 1700-21

637 grammes of Bread
1/3 litre meal
285 grammes of meat
16 grammes of salt
170 grammes of butter or lard
2 jugs with peas
Several litres of ale
Strong spirits (i.e. schnapps)
Tobacco

... to be compared with rations in 1941

400 grammes of soft and hard bread
100 grammes of cheese
350 grammes of meat
125 grammes of salted meat
100 grammes of meal
700 grammes of potatoes
10 grammes of coffee
25 grammes of sugar
15 grammes of salt
35 grammes of butter/lard



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